The Socotra Desert Rose Also Called “The Bottle Tree”.

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Plant Family

Scientific name

Adenium obesum subsp. socotranum (Vierh.) Lavranos

Common Names

Socotra Rose, Desert Rose, Bottle Tree.

The sole location of this subspecies of Adenium obesum in the Indian Ocean is Socotra, which is the largest island in an uninhabited archipelago, belonging to the Republic of Yemen. The island has intense Climatic Condition.  The plant thrives on limestone rock formations, gravelly soil, and an ideal drainage system. It is widespread on rocky hillsides and escarpments as well as the lowlands and limestone plateau. 
At higher elevations on the slope, it can be found in semi-deciduous woods and at sea level.

Plant Growth information.
The largest species in the Adenium genus, Adenium socotranum, is distinguished by its peculiar look. Large pachycaul trunks and a couple sparsely populated thin branches,  this are the typical features of mature plants seen growing in the wild. (The name “pachycaul” is derived from the Latin “caulis,” which means the stem, and the Greek “pachy,” which means thick or stout.) The plant’s native form varies according to local weather patterns and other factors in the island’s growing regions.

Medical Uses of the Plant

In Socotra, the white sap from the plant’s stem is frequently utilized for medicinal purposes, including the treatment of swelling wounds, skin conditions, and malarial fevers. In vitro anti-influenza virus and antineoplastic activity have also been discovered in plant extracts by recent biomedical study. 

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